How many types of lathe machines are there?


A lathe is a machine tool that processes metal by rotating the material to be processed and applying a blade to cut it into a cylindrical shape. For a simple example, imagine peeling an apple. It is like peeling an apple thinly with a knife while slowly rotating the apple. The apple is the material, the rotating device is the spindle, and the knife is the cutting tool. So Lathe is a machine that presses the cutting tool against the rotating material while moving it parallel to the main axis cutting it to form a cylindrical shape.


Types of lathe machine

Manual Lathe

The processing object is wide, the spindle speed and the range of feed volume are large, and the inner and outer surface, end surface, and internal and external threads that can process the workpiece can be processed. This kind of lathe is mainly manually operated by workers, with low production efficiency, and is suitable for single, small-batch production and repair workshops.


Tower and rotate lathe

There is a turning tower knife rack or a round-round knife rack with more tools. In the first installation of the workpiece, the workers use different knife sets to complete a variety of processes in turn, which is suitable for batch production.


Automatic lathe

Automatically complete the multi-process processing of small and medium-sized workpieces in a certain program. It can automatically feed and repeatedly processed a batch of the same workpiece, which is suitable for a large and large number of production.


Multi-knife semi-automatic lathe

There are single-axis, multi-axis, horizontal and vertical divisions. The layout of a single-axis sleeper is similar to that of ordinary lathes, but the two sets of blade racks are installed before or up and down the main axis, which are used for processing disks, rings, and axis workpieces. Its productivity is 3 to 5 times higher than that of ordinary lathes.


Vertical lathe

The main axis is perpendicular to the horizontal plane. The workpiece is clamped on the horizontal turning workbench, and the knife rack moves on the beam or column. It is suitable for workpieces that are large, heavier, and difficult to install on ordinary lathes.


Specialized lathe

Specifies a certain type of workpiece in a certain type of workpieces, such as crankshaft lathes, camshaft lathes, wheel lathes, lathes of the axle, rolls, and steel lathes.


Combined lathe

It is mainly used for turning to process, but after additional special components and attachments can also be performed, milling, drilling, insertion, grinding, and other processing can be performed. It has the characteristics of “one machine and multi-energy”. It is suitable for engineering vehicles, ships or mobile repair stations Repair work.


Bench lathe

The small size of the bench lathe can be used for smaller and more precise work, with parts similar to engine lathes and high-speed lathes.


CNC lathe machine

The CNC lathe is used to control the operation of the machine tool through a computer program. Once the program is input in steps, mass production can be performed with high precision and high speed, and once the operation code is set, it can be produced without re-entering the next time. CNC lathes are the most advanced types of lathes available today, and the tolerances of the parts they produce are extremely precise.


There are many different types of lathe machines, you can choose the appropriate classification of lathe machines according to your own processing requirements and precision requirements. Contact DAASCNC for more details. Whatsapp/Wechat +86 18656680921, Email [email protected].