How to distinguish between vertical and horizontal machine center cnc?


Horizontal machine center cnc: refers to the machining center where the spindle axis is parallel to the worktable, and is mainly suitable for machining box-type parts. It can be divided into horizontal milling machine, horizontal boring machine and horizontal drilling machine according to its main function.

Vertical machine center cnc: refers to the machining center where the axis of the spindle is perpendicular to the workbench, and is mainly suitable for processing complex parts such as plates, discs, molds and small shells. The vertical machining center can complete the processes of milling, boring, drilling, tapping and thread cutting. The vertical machining center has three axes and two linkages, and generally can realize three axes and three linkages. Some can carry out five-axis and six-axis control.

Advantages of horizontal machining center

High productivity: You can make numerous cuts in one setup because there is no need to move the workpiece between operations like with vertical mills. Only the tool changes position. This means you can produce multiple parts at once.

Roughing out: Horizontal mills are better suited for roughing out large pieces because they can make bigger cuts than vertical mills. However, they cannot create finish surfaces as well as vertical mills because they are not as stiff as vertical mills due to their design (more on this later).

The advantages of vertical machining centers over horizontal machining centers are: easy to change tools. High rigidity. Easy to adjust. High precision. High efficiency. Less floor space occupied. Low noise pollution. Convenient maintenance etc.